Life expectancy in the United States has increased for the first time in four years in 2018 as the number of deaths due to drug overdose and six leading causes of death has seen a major decline. Life expectancy has shot up to 78.7 years in 2018. It was 78.6 years in 2017. However, it remains lower than the peak of 78.9 years in 2014. This new study has collected data from the National Center for Health Statistics. The number of deaths related to drug overdose has decreased by 4.1 percent in 2018. It has come down to 67367 in 2018 from 70237 in 2017. A decrease in mortality due to drug overdose has been the reason for the sudden rise in life expectancy in the US, said the author of the study.
Researchers have made it clear that more than drug overdose; cancer has been the leading cause of premature deaths in America. They have said that heart diseases, cancer, drug overdose, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Diabetes, Influenza, Kidney diseases, and Suicide have been the leading causes of premature deaths in the US. They accounted for 73.8 percent of deaths in 2018. Nevertheless, the rate of deaths has seen a decline from six leading causes of mortality. Rate of death due to heart diseases has seen a reduction of 0.8 percent, for cancer it has decreased by 2.2 percent. At the same time, the death rate due to drug overdose has gone down by 2.8 percent and it has decreased by 2.9 percent for chronic lower respiratory diseases. The mortality rate for Alzheimer’s disease has fallen by 1.6 percent and it has reduced by 1.3 percent for stroke.
The study has also stated that the mortality rate has shot up by 4.2 percent for Influenza and 1.4 percent for suicide. The rate of death due to diabetes and kidney disease has remained the same. The mortality rate has dropped by 5.1 percent among the people under the age group of 15 to 24 years. The death rate has decreased by 3 percent among people under the age group of 25 to 34 years, 1.4 percent for people under the age group of 45 to 54 years, 0.4 percent for 65 to 74 years olds, and 0.9 percent among the oldies under the age of 80 and above. The study states that the mortality rate among infants has also gone down by 2.3 percent in the United States.