Scientist from the United States announced that they have found a new strain of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which is responsible for the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) on Wednesday, 6th of November. Scientists published a study in the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes journal regarding the discovery of new strain. Scientists have also reported for the firstly to the CNN about the new strain of the virus, a new subtype, dubbed HIV-1 subtype L, which is discovered since 2000.
HIV is a virus which is spreads over body fluids and attacks the body’s immune system, especially CD4 cells, commonly referred to as T cells. As time goes by, HIV abolish many cells, and the body cannot fight infections and diseases. These special cells support the immune system to fight against contamination. Without treatment, HIV decreases the quantity of CD4 cells (T cells). This impairment to the immune system become more and more difficult for the body to fight against infections and other diseases.
Research co-author Dr. Carole McArthur completed research studies with Missouri university, Knsas. He stated that “This detection prompts us that to expiration the HIV pandemic, we must carry on to think of this ever-changing virus and use the latest advances in technology and resources to observe its evolution.” The Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute Director Dr. Anthony Fauci also warned that the official approval of this new strain is not the cause of alertness. He told to CNN that there is no reason to panic or even worry about it. Not many people are infected with this virus and this is an outlier. The guidelines for the identification of new HIV strains require the identification of three cases such as two previously identified HIV cases in 1990 and 1983, were caused by the HIV-1 subtype L strain. It is unclear whether the new subtype will have a different impact on patients with this disease, and it is believed that the strain responds to existing HIV treatments that push the virus to undetectable levels in the body.